Highly efficient photochemical generation of a triple bond: synthesis, properties, and photodecarbonylation of cyclopropenones.
UV irradiation of alkyl-, aryl-, and heteroatom-substituted cyclopropenones results in the loss of carbon monoxide and the formation of quantitative yields of corresponding alkynes. The quantum yield of the photochemical decarbonylation reaction ranges from 20% to 30% for alkyl-substituted cyclopropenones to above 70% for the diphenyl- and dinaphthylcyclorpopenones. Rapid formation (<5 ns) and then a somewhat slower decay (ca. 40 ns) of an intermediate in this reaction was observed by using laser flash photolysis. The DFT calculations allowed us to identify this intermediate as a zwitterionic species formed by a cleavage of one of the carbon-carbon bonds of the cyclopropenone ring. The latter then rapidly loses carbon monoxide to produce the ultimate acetylenic product. Despite their high photoreactivity, cyclopropenones were found to be thermally stable compounds with the exception of hydroxy- and methoxy-substituted cyclopropenones. The latter undergo rapid solvolysis in hydroxylic solvents even at room temperature. The application of this reaction to the in situ generation of the enediyne structure was illustrated by the photochemical preparation of benzannulated enediyne 12.更多