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The natural constituents of historical textile dyes.

摘要:

The sources and structures of dyes used to colour Western historical textiles are described in this tutorial review. Most blue and purple colours were derived from indigo--obtained either from woad or from the indigo plant--though some other sources (e.g. shellfish and lichens) were used. Reds were often anthraquinone derivatives obtained from plants or insects. Yellows were almost always flavonoid derivatives obtained from a variety of plant species. Most other colours were produced by over-dyeing--e.g. greens were obtained by over-dyeing a blue with a yellow dye. Direct analysis of dyes isolated from artefacts allows comparison with the historical record.

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作者: Ester S B,Ferreira [1] ; Alison N,Hulme [2] ; Hamish,McNab [3] ; Anita,Quye [4]
作者单位: School of Chemistry [1] The University of Edinburgh [2] West Mains Road [3] Edinburgh [4] UK EH9 3JJ. [5]
DOI: 10.1039/b305697j
PMID: 15280965
发布时间: 2013-11-21
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