Fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces from microstructured ZnO-based surfaces via a wet-chemical route.
The fabrication of a superhydrophobic surface is demonstrated via a wet chemical route, and this method offers advantages of being cleanroom free, cost efficiency, and wide applicability. The preferable growth of ZnO crystalline forms a microstructured surface, and a variety of alkanoic acids were adopted to tune the surface wettability. Although all surfaces show an advancing contact angle greater than 150 degrees , they substantially differ in the wetting mechanisms. It is found that only when the length of alkanoic acid is greater than 16, the microstructured surface shows a stable superhydrophobicity, in which the Cassie state dominates. While for those moderate-length alkanoic acids (C8-C14), their corresponding surfaces have a tendency to fall into the Wenzel state and display a great contact angle hysteresis.更多