Antiproliferative effects of two hydrosoluble derivatives of oxysterols on cultured lymphoma cells.
The antitumor effects of two new hydrosoluble derivatives of oxygenated sterols: JB69 and JC40 have been evaluated in vitro on a panel of lymphoma and leukemia cells from human and murine origins. These compounds result from the combination of a nucleotide with 7 beta-hydroxycholesterol (JB69) or 7 beta,25-dihydroxycholesterol (JC40). Both derivatives exhibit a significant cytotoxic activity against the different tumor cell lines tested, with some degree of difference between them. On the whole, the concentrations needed to inhibit the cell growth were found to be higher than those required for their parent compounds. However, two interesting features appeared in our experiments. (1) In a serum-free culture medium, cell lysis occurred within the first hours of incubation and seemed to result from the detergent-like properties possessed by this type of compounds. (2) In a culture medium supplemented with serum, we noted, that at high concentrations of JB69 (40 microM or 20 microM) and only with this oxysterol derivative, an important increase of incorporation of tritiated thymidine and uridine into DNA and RNA by viable cells. The origin of this effect is as yet unknown, but it strongly suggests a possible action on nucleic acids synthesis and metabolism. Taken together, these results emphasize the diversity and the complexity of the mechanisms involved in the cytotoxicity of these derivatives of oxysterols.更多