Effect of insulin receptor down regulation on insulin-stimulated thymidine incorporation in cultured human fibroblasts and tumor cell lines.
Insulin receptors in transformed tissue are relatively resistant to down regulation by insulin, and although receptor downregulation reduces rapid onset biologic responses to insulin in normal tissue, this is not observed in tumor cells. The present study compares longterm insulin responses (thymidine incorporation and cell growth) in normal human fibroblasts with responses in human tumor cell lines (MCF-7, T-47D and HCT-8) to determine whether these responses are also resistant to the effects of receptor down regulation. Thymidine incorporation into fibroblasts was more responsive to insulin than was incorporation into tumor cells, although stimulation of uptake into fibroblasts was not paralleled by changes in cell replication. In contrast, physiological insulin concentrations inhibited, and high concentrations of insulin stimulated, thymidine incorporation and cell replication in MCF-7 and T-47D cells. All insulin concentrations inhibited thymidine incorporation in HCT-8 cells without affecting cell replication. The responsiveness of fibroblasts, MCF-7 and HCT-8 cells to insulin was unaltered by down regulation of insulin receptors prior to measuring thymidine incorporation, whereas receptor down regulation paradoxically increased the responsiveness of T-47D cells to insulin. Exposure of fibroblasts to 5 x 10(-8) M dexamethasone for 24h increased their responsiveness to insulin but did not influence the response of MCF-7 or HCT-8 cells, whereas insulin-stimulated incorporation of thymidine in T-47D cells was inhibited. Thus, receptor down regulation does not influence the longterm biologic response to insulin in normal cells, and paradoxically increases responsiveness in one of three tumor cell lines. These changes may contribute to the well-described stimulatory effects of insulin on tumor cell growth and inhibition of this response with dexamethasone may be relevant to cancer treatment programs.更多