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In vitro reactions of isopropyl methanesulfonate with DNA and with 2'-deoxyribonucleosides.

摘要:

Isopropyl methanesulfonate (IPMS), an SN1 alkylating agent, is a direct-acting mutagen in bacteria. We recently reported that s.c. and topical administration of IPMS to mice resulted in the rapid induction of thymic lymphomas. Thymic lymphoma induction was not observed following administration of the SN2 alkylating agents methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) and ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS). We have studied the reactions of IPMS with dAdo, dCyd, dGuo and dThd at pH 6.5 to 7.5 and 37 degrees C for 3 h. IPMS formed the following isopropyl (IP) adducts: 7-IP-Gua (4% yield), O6-IP-Gua (8%), O2-IP-Cyt (1%), O2-IP-dThd (2%), 3-IP-dThd (1%), and O4-IP-dThd (0.4%). Adducts were characterized from UV and mass spectra. IPMS was reacted in vitro with calf thymus DNA (pH 6.5 to 7.5, 37 degrees C, 3 h) and yielded (nmol/mg DNA): 7-IP-Gua (22) O6-IP-dGuo (11), O2-IP-Cyt (9), O2-IP-dThd (2), O4-IP-dThd (2), 3-IP-Ade (0.2) and 3-IP-dThd (0.2). The relatively greater alkylation of exocyclic oxygen atoms in DNA by IPMS compared to values for MMS and EMS reported by others, may play a role in the induction of thymic lymphomas in mice by IPMS and the lack of such activity by MMS and EMS.

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