DNA topoisomerase I as a site of action for 10-hydroxycamptothecin in human promyelocytic leukemia cells.
We investigated the antiproliferative effect of 10-hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), an alkaloid isolated from Camptotheca acuminata, on the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line, HL-60, and a 4'-(9-acridinylamino)methanesulfon-m-anisidide (m-AMSA)-resistant mutant, HL-60/m-AMSA. Using trypan blue dye exclusion and colony formation, doses of HCPT ranging from 0.01 to 1 microM progressively inhibited growth in both cell lines in a concentration-dependent manner. A minimal cross-resistance, approximately five-fold, between the wild-type and resistant cells was observed. Using the technique of alkaline elution, HCPT produced DNA single-strand breaks and protein-associated DNA strand cleavage in HL-60 and HL-60/m-AMSA cells. Quantitative analysis of drug-induced protein-DNA complexes was performed using sodium dodecyl sulfate-potassium chloride precipitation. In both cell lines, a good correlation with HCPT-induced cytotoxicity was observed. Similar results were achieved in wild-type cells treated with m-AMSA. Enzyme activity was measured in nuclei isolated from HL-60 and HL-60/m-AMSA cells, and in each case HCPT inhibited topoisomerase I activity to the same extent. The data suggest that the principle mechanisms for HCPT-induced cytotoxicity in HL-60 and HL-60/m-AMSA cells are inhibition of DNA topoisomerase I and production of protein-associated DNA strand breaks.更多