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Protein kinase activities in neoplastic squamous epithelia and normal epithelia from the upper aero-digestive tract.

摘要:

In the present study the activities of three different protein kinase were determined in squamous cell carcinoma from the upper aero-digestive tract, and compared with the activities in normal oral mucosa. The protein kinases investigated are: a) cAMP-dependent protein kinase; b) cGMP-dependent protein kinase, and c) casein kinase II. The basal protein kinase activity, when histone IIa was used as substrate, was about 3-fold higher in tumors, as compared to normal mucosa, in the soluble fraction (32.0 +/- 4.2 and 10.9 +/- 2.4 pmol 32P/mg prot. X min, respectively). In the particulate fraction the basal protein kinase activity was about 9 times higher in tumors as compared to normal mucosa (19.4 +/- 5.2 and 2.1 +/- 0.3 pmol 32P/mg prot X min, respectively). The protein kinase activity in the presence of cyclic nucleotide (cAMP/cGMP) minus the basal protein kinase activity was taken as the cAMP- and the cGMP-dependent protein kinase activity, respectively. Maximal protein kinase activity was obtained in the presence of 0.5 microM of cyclic nucleotide both in squamous cell carcinoma and normal mucosa. In the cytosolic fraction the cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity was 33.9 +/- 13.0 pmol 32P/mg prot. X min in tumors, and 28.2 +/- 5.8 pmol 32P/mg prot. X min in normal tissue, after stimulation with 0.5 microM cAMP. The cGMP-dependent protein kinase activity was 5-10% of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity, and no concentration-dependent stimulation with cGMP was seen. The cGMP-dependent protein kinase activity in the presence of 0.5 microM cGMP was 2.4 +/- 1.3 and 1.8 +/- 0.6 pmol 32P/mg prot. X min in tumors and normal mucosa, respectively. Casein kinase II activity was determined only in the cytosolic fraction and was found to be 3-fold higher in tumors as compared to normal mucosa (31.8 +/- 5.2 and 8.6 +/- 3.5 pmol 32P/mg prot X min, respectively). This study shows a general increase in histone phosphorylation and casein kinase activity in neoplastic squamous epithelia compared to normal epithelia. No evidence for an increase in cyclic nucleotide dependent protein kinase activities in neoplastic squamous epithelia was found. This study thus supports the idea that phosphorylation/dephosphorylation reactions may play an important role in the control of cell growth, differentiation and proliferation.

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