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Biotransformation of 6:2 fluorotelomer alcohol (6:2 FTOH) by a wood-rotting fungus.

摘要:

Biotransformation of 6:2 FTOH [F(CF2)6CH2CH2OH] by the white-rot fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium, was investigated in laboratory studies. 6:2 FTOH is a raw material increasingly being used to replace products that can lead to long-chain perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs, ≥ 8 carbons). During a product's life cycle and after final disposal, 6:2 FTOH-derived compounds may be released into the environment and potentially biotransformed. In this study, P. chrysosporium transformed 6:2 FTOH to perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs), polyfluorocarboxylic acids, and transient intermediates within 28 days. 5:3 Acid [F(CF2)5CH2CH2COOH] was the most abundant transformation product, accounting for 32-43 mol % of initially applied 6:2 FTOH in cultures supplemented with lignocellulosic powder, yeast extract, cellulose, and glucose. PFCAs, including perfluoropentanoic (PFPeA) and perfluorohexanoic (PFHxA) acids, accounted for 5.9 mol % after 28-day incubation. Furthermore, four new transformation products as 6:2 FTOH conjugates or 5:3 acid analogues were structurally confirmed. These results demonstrate that P. chrysosporium has the necessary biochemical mechanisms to drive 6:2 FTOH biotransformation pathways toward more degradable polyfluoroalkylcarboxylic acids, such as 5:3 acid, with lower PFCA yields compared to aerobic soil, sludge, and microbial consortia. Since bacteria and fungi appear to contribute differently toward the environmental loading of FTOH-derived PFCAs and polyfluorocarboxylic acids, wood-rotting fungi should be evaluated as potential candidates for the bioremediation of wastewater and groundwater contaminated with fluoroalkyl substances.

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作者: Nancy,Tseng [1] ; Ning,Wang [2] ; Bogdan,Szostek [3] ; Shaily,Mahendra [4]
作者单位: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering [1] University of California [2] Los Angeles [3] California 90095 [4] United States. [5]
DOI: 10.1021/es4057483
PMID: 24593855
发布时间: 2018-12-02
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