Metabolism of and DNA adduct formation by benzo[alpha]pyrene in human skin epithelial cells in vitro pretreated with cytochrome P450 modulators.
This study was designed to investigate the effects of four compounds that are shown to influence the cytochrome P450 system, on the metabolism of and DNA adduct formation by benzo[alpha]pyrene (BaP) in human skin epithelial cells in culture. Radiolabeled BaP was used in the metabolism studies, and the levels of metabolites in the ethylacetate extracts of the intracellular and extracellular fractions were determined by HPLC. Among the various metabolites detected BaP-7,8-diol was the only one that was an intermediate on the activation pathway of BaP to the ultimate carcinogen, BPDE I. Both BHA and 7,8-BF pretreatment significantly decreased intracellular production of BaP-7,8-diol compared to cultures treated with only radiolabeled BaP. MeBHA pretreatment greatly increased intracellular BaP-7,8-diol formation compared to BaP treated controls, while disulfiram pretreatment had no effect on the intracellular concentration. Cultures pretreated with BHA, 7,8-BF or disulfiram formed 30-40% less BPDE I-dG adducts than nonpretreated cultures, while cultures pretreated with MeBHA exhibited approximately 200% increase in the BPDE I-dG adduct formation. Thus, BHA and 7,8-BF act similarly in reducing BaP activation and adduct formation. Alternatively, MeBHA increased BaP activation and adduct formation in human keratinocyte cultures in vitro. Disulfiram pretreatment did not reduce BaP-7,8-diol formation, but decreased BPDE I-dG adducts. These studies indicate that modulators of the P450 system act in different fashions at the level of production of an oxygenated procarcinogen metabolite, altering the amount of specific carcinogen-dG adducts that lead to the expression of a transformed phenotype.更多