Effects of laser photodynamic therapy on tumor phosphate levels and pH assessed by 31P-NMR spectroscopy.
The effects of photodynamic therapy using 632 nm photoradiation emitted from an ion pumped dye laser system on the phosphate metabolite levels of rat mammary tumors were monitored by 31P-NMR spectroscopy. A dramatic decline to almost undetectable levels, in the ratio of whole tumor beta-ATP (NTP) to Pi was observed after systemic administration of 5 mg/kg Photofrin II 24 h prior to exposure of R3230AC rat mammary tumor to laser irradiation at 180 and 360 J/cm2 total fluence. This decline in ATP was accompanied by a concomitant increase in the levels of Pi relative to the total observable phosphate signals. Whole tumor pH was calculated from the chemical shift in inorganic phosphate using the water proton signal as reference. Under the same treatment conditions used to monitor the phosphate metabolites following Photodynamic Therapy, the pH of the tumor as a whole decreased approximately 0.35 units at the time when the beta-ATP to Pi ratios were lowest. This maximal decrease in whole tumor ATP levels and pH, which occurred at 4-6 h post irradiation, was followed by a gradual return to pre-treatment levels over a 24 h period. These results demonstrate that Photodynamic Therapy employing porphyrin photosensitization and monochromatic laser irradiation is effective in reducing both tumor high energy phosphate levels and pH. Depending on sensitizer dose and light fluence, metabolic inhibition, represented by depleted nucleoside triphosphates and elevated Pi, may be reversible.更多