Cytotoxic and DNA-damaging effects of 1,2-bis(sulfonyl)hydrazines on human cells of the Mer+ and Mer- phenotype.
A series of 1,2-bis(sulfonyl)hydrazines with the capacity to function as alkylating agents have been evaluated for their toxicity towards Mer- HT29 and Mer- BE cells, and for their ability to produce DNA damage expressed as single-strand breaks and DNA interstrand cross-links. Compounds of this class with methylating potential showed a marked difference in their capacity to inhibit the growth of Mer- and Mer+ cells, being considerably more toxic to BE Mer- cells. Dose-dependent DNA single-strand breaks were induced by these agents, with the quantity of breaks produced in Mer- and Mer+ cells being essentially the same. Maintenance of these lesions did not appear to explain the differential in toxicity to BE and HT29 cells. A chloroethylating compound of this class was also more toxic to Mer- BE cells than to Mer+ HT29 cells, but the differential toxicity was considerably less than that of the methylating agents of the series. The chloroethylating agent did not produce measurable single-strand breaks of the DNA of treated cells, but caused more DNA interstrand cross-links in Mer- cells than in Mer+ cells. Thus, DNA interstrand cross-links may be at least in part responsible for the cell kill produced by this agent. The findings suggest that methylating and chloroethylating derivatives of the 1,2-bis(sulfonyl)hydrazine family have different biochemical determinants of their cytodestructive actions.更多