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Interrelationship between sodium cyanate and pH in the regulation of tumor cell division.

摘要:

Previous studies have suggested that the selective inhibitory effects of sodium cyanate on tumor metabolism in vivo may be related to a lower interstitial pH in tumors. In the present work, the influence of extracellular pH on the actions of sodium cyanate was studied with one rat hepatoma cell line (HTC) and two human colon tumor cell lines (HT29 and LS174T) and with rat hepatocytes to determine if the effects are accompanied by changes in intracellular pH. With some tumor cells, an inhibition of cell proliferation was observed when the cells were exposed to an acidic medium (pH 6.6). However, the LS174T line of human tumor cells divided at pH 6.6 essentially as fast as at pH 7.4. In the concentration range of 0.02-0.1 mg/ml, a greater inhibitory effect of cyanate on cell proliferation was observed at the lower pH. Intracellular pH was found to be influenced by the sodium ion concentration of the medium to a similar degree in the three tumor lines that were examined. The intracellular pH was found to be significantly affected by cyanate in rat hepatocytes and in two of the tumor cell lines (HT29 and LS174T). The data suggested that not only does extracellular pH influence the inhibitory effect of cyanate on tumor cell proliferation but also that cyanate can affect the regulation of intracellular pH in normal and neoplastic cells.

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