The effect of bispecific monoclonal antibody recognizing both hepatoma-specific membrane glycoprotein and anthracycline drugs on the metastatic growth of hepatoma AH66.
A monoclonal mouse antibody (MoHG) was produced using in vitro cultured AH66R tumor cells treated with cholesteryl hemisuccinate as an immunogen. The antibody identified a 90 kd membrane glycoprotein (HG-90) which is expressed on in vitro cultured hepatoma cell lines AH66 and AH66R. A monoclonal antibody was prepared to the anthracycline drug daunomycin, and it also reacted with adriamycin. A fusion was made of the hybridoma HG-90 with the hybridoma which recognized daunomycin/adriamycin. This bispecific hybridoma A8C recognized both determinants. We studied the therapeutic effect of the A8C bispecific antibody with adriamycin treatment and compared it to the effect of the bispecific antibody to which adriamycin had been conjugated via an albumin (Alb) bridge. The therapy model used was the tumor AH66R in Donryu rats. Tumor bearing rats had their subcutaneous tumors resected on day 10, a time when distant metastases were present. After the surgical resection of the tumor the rats were injected intravenously for two cycles with the bispecific antibodies, followed by the administration of adriamycin (ADR) or MoHG.Alb.ADR conjugates. A slight therapeutic effect occurred with either MoHG or ADR alone but treatment with the bispecific antibody followed by the administration of ADR or with the MoHG.Alb.ADR conjugates significantly prolonged survival, with 60% of the treated animals being "tumor free" when sacrificed on day 80. Lower serum concentrations of alphafetoprotein were observed with the bispecific antibody and drug treatment. This suggests that the bispecific antibody/drug treatment is potentially more beneficial in the suppression of distant metastases than the MoHG.Alb.ADR conjugate. This may be due to an increase in the local drug concentration of unmodified adriamycin.更多