Disparity in the effects of two N-methyl nicotinamides on poly(ADP-ribose) synthetase and macromolecular synthesis in hepatomas.
The inhibitory effects of nicotinamide analogs on the activity of poly(ADP-ribose)) synthetase were compared to effects on precursor incorporation into macromolecules in three lines of hepatoma cells (Morris hepatomas 5123C, 7777 and HTC). N'-methylnicotinamide was a less effective inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) synthetase than was 1-methylnicotinamide while both these compounds had smaller inhibitory effects on the enzyme than were seen with nicotinamide or 3-aminobenzamide. On the other hand, the incorporation of [3H]thymidine into DNA and of [3H]uridine into RNA were inhibited by N'-methylnicotinamide in the concentration range 2-20 mM but not by 1-methylnicotinamide. Under the conditions examined there were no significant effects on the incorporation of [14C]lysine and [3H]leucine in hepatoma cells. The data indicated that the inhibitory effect of N'-methylnicotinamide on nucleic acid synthesis may be unrelated to action on poly (ADP-ribose) synthetase.更多