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High performance liquid chromatography analysis of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor in malignant cells. Correlation of effects on cell proliferation and receptor concentration.

摘要:

Malignant cells were assayed for 1,25(OH)2D3 receptors and for the effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on cell proliferation. The established lines studied were human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60), T-cell lymphocytic leukemias (Molt-4, RPMI-8402, CEM), mouse leukemia (L1210), breast cancers (HT-39 and MCF-7) and a glioma (C-6) cultures. A TSK 3000 SW (0.75 X 60 cm) HPLC size exclusion column was used to characterize specific 1,25(OH)2D3 binding. We show for the first time that this column is capable of resolving the 3.2-3.5S 1,25(OH)2D3 mammalian receptor (Rs = 32 A) from the 5.5-6.0S form of the mammalian serum 25(OH)D3 transport receptor (Rs = 40 A). The molecular size of the 1,25(OH)2D3 receptors from these cancer cell lines was identical to that from rabbit intestine. HT-39, HL-60, MCF-7, Molt-4, C-6, RPMI-8402 and L1210 cells demonstrated specific 1,25(OH)2[3H]D3 binding (120, 90, 80, 45, 30 and 18 fmoles of sites/mg protein, respectively). Receptors were not detected in the CEM line. 1,25(OH)2D3 inhibited cell proliferation of HT-39, HL-60, MCF-7 and Molt-4 cells by 20% to 70%. In contrast, mouse leukemia (L1210) cells were stimulated to proliferate by this hormone. Proliferation of RPMI and CEM cells was not affected by 1,25(OH)2D3. We demonstrate that size-exclusion HPLC of 1,25(OH)2D3 binding proteins from mammalian intestine and cancer cells provided a rapid method for identification of specific 1,25(OH)2D3 receptors. Furthermore, in the cells studied, the presence and concentration of 1,25(OH)2D3 receptors qualitatively predicted the potency of this hormone to alter cell proliferation. We believe this assay will be useful for rapid analysis of human tumor receptor concentrations.

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