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Adriamycin-mediated introduction of a limited number of single-strand breaks into supercoiled DNA.

摘要:

It was reported previously that Adriamycin converts form I covalently closed circular, supercoiled bacteriophage PM2 DNA to the relaxed circular form II DNA; no form III linear DNA was produced as a result of the extracellular action of Adriamycin in the presence of NADH-dehydrogenase. When form II DNA, produced by the action of Adriamycin, was treated with the BAL 31 nuclease, a single sharp DNA band after agarose gel electrophoresis indicated the presence of only full-length linear form III DNA. As one of its activities, the BAL 31 nuclease introduces a single-strand break in the complementary strand opposite a preexisting single-strand break. When form II DNA, produced by the action of gamma irradiation, was reacted with the BAL enzyme, the resulting linear DNA molecules exhibited a broad range of molecular weights, indicating the presence of many single-strand breaks in the substrate form II DNA. When the Adriamycin-produced form II DNA was treated with restriction endonucleases that cleave PM2 DNA at a single site, either with or without pretreatment with the BAL enzyme, the formation of only full-length linear DNA was observed. Thus, the drug is capable of introducing one or only a very limited number of single-strand breaks into supercoiled DNA; furthermore, these breaks are introduced at random sites along the DNA molecules.

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