Agarose gel electrophoretic analysis of damage to supercoiled DNA by adriamycin in the presence of beta-NADH dehydrogenase.
In a cell-free system, the anticancer anthracycline antibiotic adriamycin was able to convert purified covalently closed circular, superhelical, form I bacteriophage PM2 DNA to relaxed circular form II DNA in the presence of either sodium borohydride (NaBH4), NADPH cytochrome P-450 reductase or beta-NADH dehydrogenase isolated from myocardial cells. There was no detectable increase in the amount of form III linear duplex DNA formed during the reaction even at high drug concentrations. Less drug was required for the conversion of form I to form II DNA in the presence of the enzymic reducing agents than in the presence of NaBH4. Form II DNA, prepared by irradiation using a Cs-137 source, was not degraded to form III linear duplex DNA. However, form I0 DNA, covalently closed circular DNA without superhelical turns, freshly prepared using topoisomerase I, was converted to form II DNA similar to the conversion of superhelical form I to form II DNA. Again, no increase in the amount of form III linear duplex DNA could be detected.更多