Role of acetoacetyl-CoA synthetase in acetoacetate utilization by tumor cells.
Tumors of peripheral tissues contain low levels of succinyl CoA-acetoacetate CoA transferase activity which is not induced in vitro by prolonged cultivation in 2.5 mM DL-3-hydroxybutyrate. Although this enzyme is considered to be the main agent controlling the extent to which ketone bodies serve as metabolic substrates such tumors metabolize D(-)-3-hydroxy[3(14)C]butyrate to 14CO2. Also addition of 3-hydroxybutyrate and/or acetoacetate reduces the amount of 14CO2 produced from D-[U-14C] glucose suggesting a common metabolic intermediate. These observations can be accounted for by the presence of acetoacetyl-CoA synthetase, an enzyme which is able to synthesize acetoacetyl-CoA directly from acetoacetate, ATP and coenzyme A. This is the first demonstration of this enzyme in tumor tissue. The rate of metabolism of acetoacetate by this enzyme is sufficient to account for the production of CO2 from 3-hydroxybutyrate.更多