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Characteristics of hematin uptake in malignant, embryonic and normal cells.

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The characteristics of hematin uptake were examined in three malignant cell lines [L1210 leukemia, 745 murine erythroleukemia (MEL) and Walker carcinoma (W256)], a cell line derived from normal rat liver (BRL-3A) and a normal embryonic cell, chick embryo fibroblasts (CEF). Uptake in the normal liver cell line was slight and occurred at a slow rate in contrast to the rapid uptake, which was more rapid and of greater magnitude in the three tumor cell lines, Saturation of the heme uptake mechanism was observed in MEL cells at an extra-cellular hematin concentration of 160 micro M and in L1210 cells at 300 micro M. At saturation L1210 cells achieved a cellular heme concentration nine times as high as MEL cells. Hematin uptake in MEL cells was markedly augmented by pretreatment with DMSO, procaine, detergent or proteolytic enzymes or by increases in the pH of the medium from 8 to 9.5. In contrast to MEL cells where SA inhibits growth by lowering cellular heme, the inhibition of growth of L1210 cells by SA appears to operate by a mechanism independent of heme. In gradual increase in hematin uptake capacity in MEL cells over a period of days. Afer exposure of MEL cells to a high concentration of hematin in the medium, the egress of heme was followed under various conditions. Of the various agents studied, only cyanide produced a loss of heme from MEL cells.

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