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Feedback control of cholesterol biosynthesis in mice fed the liver carcinogens benzidine and 2-acetylaminofluorene.

摘要:

Dietary feedback control (DFC) of hepatic cholesterol synthesis is absent or defective in hepatomas of trout, mouse, rat and man. DFC has also been shown to be defective in rats fed several liver carcinogens including 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF). These studies have led to the hypothesis that loss of normal DFC is an early and consistent event in the development of liver cancer. To determine whether DFC was defective in "precancerous" mouse livers, we fed the liver carcinogens AAF (0.05% in chow) and benzidine (0.02% in drinking water) to male BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice for 3 or 6 weeks. We measured sterol synthesis as incorporation of 2-14C-acetate into digitonin-precipitable sterols by liver slices. DFC was tested by adding 2% cholesterol to the diet for 3 days prior to sacrifice. Benzidine (but not AAF) treatment enhanced sterol synthesis in C57BL/6, but not in BALB/c, mice. However DFC was normal in both strains with either carcinogen. The results indicate that defective DFC is not a consistent early finding in animals fed liver carcinogens. Since defective DFC has been a consistent finding in AAF-fed rats, additional research is needed to determine whether the same genetic factors which determine susceptibility to chemically-induced neoplasia are also important in influencing DFC in carcinogen-fed animals.

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