Inhibition of tumor cell growth by low-boiling-point-saturated fatty acids isolated by molecular distillation and reversed phase liquid chromatography of hydrolysates of uncytotoxic wool grease secreted from sheep sebaceous gland.
We showed that massive growth of mouse Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells was not inhibited by wool grease secreted from the sheep sebaceous gland, whereas wool fatty acids separated by saponification of wool grease was growth-inhibitory. We then fractionated wool fatty acids into 9 fractions using molecular distillation (80-200 degrees C; 1 x 10(-2) mmHg) and found a marked antitumor activity in a low-boiling-point (< 80 degrees C) fraction (MW 200-300; C10-C20), which was further separated by reversed phase liquid chromatography on an octadecylisilica gel column, resulting in 5 fractions. The second most hydrophobic fraction (C8Si-4) obtained was the most growth-inhibitory to EAC cells cultured or implanted into mice, more marked than the antitumor glycopeptide bleomycin. C8Si-4 was suggested to be a mixture of a normal-chain C16-saturated fatty acid and two branched-chain kinds of saturated C16-iso- and C19-anteiso-fatty acids without hydroxyl groups according to gas chromatography-mass spectrographic analysis. Thus low-boiling-point saturated fatty acid moieties in some wool grease molecules were shown to become growth-inhibitory in vitro and in vivo only after released in the free acid form by esterolysis.更多