Experimental combination chemotherapy of pirarubicin with various antitumor drugs against P388 murine leukemia.
We have examined the therapeutic effects of combination therapy of pirarubicin ((2"R)-4'-O-tetrahydropyranyladriamycin, THP) with various antitumor agents against P388 murine leukemia. THP showed a high antitumor activity in combination with various antitumor drugs, especially with cyclophosphamide (CPM), cisplatin (CDDP), mitomycin C (MMC), enocitabine (BHAC), vindesine (VDS) or methotrexate (MTX). The effects of combination therapy depended on the order of administration of THP and combined drugs. THP-preceding treatment gave more synergistic effects in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or MTX. THP-preceding or simultaneous treatment with etoposide (ETP) indicated the higher synergistic activity than ETP-preceding one. Moreover, THP showed much higher synergistic effects in any order of the combination with CPM, CDDP, MMC, BHAC, VDS or MTX. These results suggest that THP possesses a therapeutic usefulness clinically in combination with various antitumor drugs, if the selection of drugs combined with THP and the order of administration are suitable.更多