Characteristic interaction of Ca2+ ions with elastin coacervate: ion transport study across coacervate layers of alpha-elastin and elastin model polypeptide, (Val-Pro-Gly-Val-Gly)n.
Ion transport characteristics across a macrocoacervate layer membrane composed of aqueous elastin model polypeptides with a specific repeating pentapeptide sequence, H-(Val-Pro-Gly-Val-Gly)n-Val-OMe (n > or = 40), were investigated. Transmembrane potential responses for NaCl. MgCl2, and CaCl2 concentration-cell systems were measured and examined systematically by comparing with those across a coacervate membrane composed of bovine neck ligamental alpha-elastin. In the case of the NaCl and MgCl2 systems, potential responses across these protein liquid membranes were different noticeably from each other depending upon the molecular structure with and without charged peptide side chains, whereas in the CaCl2 systems the transmembrane potential responses across the noncharged polypentapeptide coacervate membrane were comparable with those across the alpha-elastin coacervate membrane carrying both the positively and negatively charged amino acid residues as an amphoteric ion-exchange membrane. These results indicated that mechanisms of major Ca2+ ion transport are based on the specific and selective interactions with electrically neutral sites of elastin, such as the polypentapeptide backbone chain.更多