Chemical, metabolic and immunological characterization of gangliosides of human glioma cells.
The patterns of ganglioside profiles were studied in 10 human glioma and one melanoma cell lines. Ganglio-series gangliosides, GM3 (NeuAc alpha2-3Gal beta1-4Glc beta1-Cer) and GM2 (GalNAc beta 1-4 (NeuAc alpha2-3)Gal beta1-4Glc beta 1-1Cer), and a neolacto-series ganglioside, sialylparagloboside (SPG) (NeuAc alpha 2-3Gal beta1-4GlcNAc beta1-3Gal beta1-4Glc beta1-1Cer), were the predominant constituents. The activities of the two key enzymes, GM3 synthetase and lactotriaosyl ceramide (Lc3Cer) synthetase, alone did not account for the ganglioside profile. Metabolic labeling with the use of [3H]glucosamine-HCl showed more pronounced difference in the synthetic rate of each ganglioside type, in which GM2 was the most strongly labeled in 7 out of the 10 glioma cell lines. On quantifying the chemical content of GM3 and GM2, the GM3/GM2 molar ratio of above 2.0 was arbitrarily classified into GM3 dominant type (KG-1C and Mewo); the ratio below 0.5 was designated as GM2 dominant type (H4, U138MG, U373MG, T98G and A172); and the ratio between 0.5 and 2.0 was regarded as GM3 and GM2-co-dominant type (U87MG, Hs683, SW1088 and U118MG). Subsequently, the capabilities of the antibody binding to these gangliosides were examined in native forms in the cell membrane and in chemically-isolated forms. The intensity of reaction against chemically isolated GM3 and GM2 gangliosides was dependent on the quantity, and GM2 was more reactive than GM3; however, the reactivities on the cell surface did not correlate with the chemical content indicating other factors to influence their immunoreactivities.更多