您的账号已在其他设备登录,您当前账号已强迫下线,
如非您本人操作,建议您在会员中心进行密码修改

确定

肾上腺淋巴管瘤的诊治方法

Diagnosis and treatment of the adrenal lymphangioma

摘要:

目的:探讨肾上腺淋巴管瘤的诊断和治疗方法。方法:回顾性分析2011年9月至2019年3月郑州大学第一附属医院收治的16例肾上腺淋巴管瘤患者的临床资料。男8例,女8例。平均年龄(40.0±13.2)(15~65)岁。体检或因其他疾病诊治时影像学检查发现11例,腰痛2例,腹痛2例,乏力1例。CT检查病变为肾上腺囊性或囊实性无强化低密度肿物,最大径2.5~16.0 cm,部分边缘钙化;肿瘤位于右侧9例,左侧7例。肾上腺激素异常6例,其中24 h尿香草扁桃酸(VMA)及肾上腺素升高2例,24 h尿游离皮质醇(UFC)及血皮质醇升高1例,醛固酮升高3例。术前考虑亚临床型肾上腺肿瘤,予肾上腺肿瘤相关围手术期处理:所有患者均监测血压,VMA升高患者术前给予盐酸特拉唑嗪口服并扩容;UFC升高患者术中给予氢化可的松200 mg静脉滴注,术后根据血皮质醇水平及时调整激素用量;醛固酮升高患者监测血醛固酮及血钾。16例均行手术治疗,腹腔镜肾上腺全切除术10例,腹腔镜肾上腺肿瘤切除术3例,开放式肾上腺肿瘤切除术2例,因病变破裂出血行急诊剖腹探查后行肾上腺全切除术1例。结果:本组16例手术过程顺利,术后均无手术相关并发症发生,术后无特殊治疗。16例术后病理诊断均为肾上腺淋巴管瘤。大体标本可见瘤体呈囊性或多房囊性,切面可见囊腔;镜下观察可见大小不等的囊腔,壁内衬以单层扁平内皮细胞,腔内充满红染淋巴液。7例行免疫组化染色检查:D2-40(7/7)、CD34(6/6)、CD31(6/6)、平滑肌肌动蛋白(SMA)(3/3)、钙结合蛋白(CR)(2/2)阳性,细胞角蛋白(CK)(7/7)、CK7(3/3)阴性。患者随访6~95个月,均未见肾上腺区淋巴管瘤复发。结论:肾上腺淋巴管瘤是临床少见的良性病变,缺乏特征性临床表现。术前诊断主要依靠影像学检查,内分泌检查多无异常。确诊依靠病理。参考肾上腺偶发瘤处理原则,优先选择手术治疗,总体预后良好。

更多
abstracts:

Objective:To analyze the diagnosis and treatment of adrenal lymphangioma.Methods:From September 2011 to March 2019, 16 case of adrenal lymphangioma (8 males, 8 females), aged from 15 to 65 years were retrospectively analyzed. Eleven cases were discovered accidentally by physical examination or imaging examination when treating other diseases, with 2 patients presenting lumbago, 2 patients presenting abdominal pain and 1 presenting weakness. CT showed that the tumors were cystic or cystic solid low density mass without enhancement (9 cases in the right, 7 cases in the left) and some had calcified lesions. The maximum diameter of the tumors was 2.5-16.0 cm. The endocrine examination was abnormal in 6 patients, including 2 patients with elevated 24-hour urinary vanillic mandelic acid (VMA) and adrenaline, 1 patient with elevated 24-hour urinary free cortisol (UFC) and elevated blood cortisol, and 3 patients with increased aldosterone. They were considered sub-clinical adrenal tumors. All patients were monitored for blood pressure, and patients with elevated VMA were given terazosin for volume expansion; Patients with elevated UFC are given hydrocortisone 200 mg intravenously during operation, hormone dosage is adjusted in time according to blood cortisol levels, and patients with elevated aldosterone were monitored on blood aldosterone and potassium. All cases underwent surgery, including 10 cases of laparoscopic adrenalectomy, 3 cases of laparoscopic adrenal tumor resection, 1 case of open adrenalectomy, and 2 cases of open adrenal tumor resection. One of the open surgery was an emergency exploratory laparotomy for ruptured lymphangioma.Results:The operations were successful, and there was no operation related complications.Sixteen cases were diagnosed as adrenal lymphangioma. The gross specimens were monocystic or multilocular cyst, and the cyst could be detected in the section. HE staining showed that the mass was composed of irregular cystic cavity filled with lymphoid fluid. A single layer of flattened endothelium lines the walls of lymphatic channels. Immunohistochemical staining was positive in D2-40(7/7), CD34(6/6), CD31(6/6), SMA (3/3) and CR(2/2); negative in CK(7/7) and CK7(3/3). So far, no recurrence has been detected after 6-95 months follow-up.Conclusions:Adrenal lymphangioma is a rare benign lesion clinically, without typical clinical symptoms. Preoperative diagnosis mainly depends on imaging examination. It is a non-functional lesion, whose endocrine examinations are mostly normal. Histopathology is reliable diagnostic modality. The therapy can refer to the principle of treatment for adrenal incidental tumors. Surgery is the first choice and prognosis is good.

More
作者: 王军 [1] 邢会武 [1] 刘宇 [1] 姚文诚 [1] 贾占奎 [1] 杨锦建 [1]
期刊: 《中华泌尿外科杂志》2020年41卷10期 736-740页 ISTICPKUCSCDCA
栏目名称: 临床研究
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112330-20200123-00044
发布时间: 2020-11-16
  • 浏览:11
  • 下载:6

加载中!

相似文献

  • 中文期刊
  • 外文期刊
  • 学位论文
  • 会议论文

加载中!

加载中!

加载中!

加载中!