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RNA干扰技术抑制诱导型一氧化氮合酶基因表达对大鼠胰岛细胞凋亡和功能的影响

The effect of iNOS gene expression inhibitted by RNA inference on the pancreas islet apoptosis and function in rats

摘要:

目的 探讨诱导型一氧化氮合酶(iNOS)基因在大鼠胰岛细胞培养过程中对胰岛细胞凋亡和胰岛素分泌的影响及其机制.方法 从30只Wistar大鼠获得胰岛,随机分为5组.大鼠胰岛体外培养中,使用针对iNOS的siRNA转染胰岛.根据RNA干扰(RNAi)条件以及培养液中是否加入细胞因子TNF-α和IL-1β将胰岛分为5组:空白对照组、细胞因子组、阴性对照组、RNAi组以及RNAi+细胞因子组.通过RT-PCR和Western blot检测RNAi效果,RT-PCR和TUNNEL法检测胰岛凋亡情况,胰岛素释放实验检测胰岛功能.结果 每只大鼠可获得500~600 IEQ胰岛.RNAi可以沉默大鼠胰岛组织iNOS基因,抑制iNOS生成.胰岛经细胞因子IL-1β和TNF-α处理后,促凋亡基因Bax和Fas表达明显升高,胰岛素释放减少.经RNAi抑制iNOS基因后,胰岛与细胞因子IL-1β和TNF-α共同培养时,促凋亡基因表达明显下降,凋亡细胞减少,胰岛素释放增加.结论 RNAi技术抑制胰岛iNOS基因表达后,可减少胰岛细胞凋亡,改善胰岛的存活和功能.

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abstracts:

Objective To investigate the effect of iNOS gene on cell apoptosis and insulin secretion of pancreas islet in rats by RNA inference (RNAi). Methods Islets obtained from thirty Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups, and siRNA oligo was purchased from Genepharma in Shanghai. The cultured islets were transfected with iNOS siRNA, and then were divided into five groups. Islet cultured only was taken as blank control group, and cultured with TNF-α + IL-1β as cytokin group. Islet transfected with negative or iNOS siRNA were taken as negative transfecion control group or RNAi group, while that transfected with iNOS siRNA and cultured with TNF-α + IL-1β as RNAi + cytokine group. Expression of iNOS mRNA was evaluated by RT-PCR and iNOS protein was evaluated by Western blot to detect the effect of RNAi. The expression of apoptosis correlated gene, Bax, Fas were analyzed, and the apoptotic cells were identified by TUNEL method meanwhile. Insulin secretion index assay the function of the islets. Results 500-600 IEQ islets could be extracted from every rat. RNAi attenuated the expression of iNOS and restrained the synthesis of iNOS protein. With treatment of cytokines IL-1β and TNF-α, the level of iNOS increased remarkably, the expression of Bax and Fas ascended distinctly, and insulin secretion index decreased strikingly. While, the expression of apoptosis gene and amount of apoptotic cells descended in group of RNAi + cytokine,and insulin secretion index were satisfying. Conclusion The apoptosis from cytokines to islets mediated by iNOS could be suppressed by RNAi, which leaded to favorable function and survival of islets.

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作者: 李柏峰 [1] 刘永锋 [1] 程颖 [1] 张佳林 [1] 王本刚 [1]
第一作者: 李柏峰
期刊: 《中华外科杂志》2009年47卷18期 1406-1409页 MEDLINEISTICPKUCSCD
分类号: R3
栏目名称: 论著
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0529-5815.2009.18.014
发布时间: 2009-12-07
基金项目:
卫生部公益性卫生行业科研专项重点项目
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