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特殊示踪剂正电子发射体层显像在肺部病变诊断中的应用

Positron emission tomography with special tracers in pulmonary abnormalities

摘要:

目的 探讨胆碱、甲硫氨酸、脱氧胸腺嘧啶核苷、乙酸盐为示踪剂的正电子发射体层显像(PET)在肺部病变诊断中的应用价值.方法 2002年6月至2007年6月对100例肺部占位病变的患者行PET检查.其中~(11)C-胆碱(CH)-PET检查58例,~(11)C-甲硫氨酸(MET)-PET检查16例,~(18)F-脱氧胸腺嘧啶核苷(FLT)-PET检查22例,~(11)C-乙酸盐(AC)-PET检查4例.结果 采用目测法判读,半定量分析法测量病变标准摄取值,结果与病理诊断及随访结果对照.结果CH-PET定性诊断灵敏度、特异度、符合率分别为84.2%(32/38)、57.9%(11/19)、75.4%(43/57).MET-PET定性诊断灵敏度、特异度、符合率分别为6/7、6/9、75.0%(12/16).FLT-PET检查定性诊断灵敏度、特异度、符合率分别为85.7%(12/14)、2/8、63.6%(14/22).CH.PET、MET-PET及FLT-PET中肿瘤标准摄取值与肿瘤大小、患者年龄不相关.AC.PET检查仅1例透明细胞癌肺转移显影,2例鳞状细胞癌、1例腺癌没有显影.结论 这些示踪剂PET对肺部病变的定性诊断有帮助,但存在假阳性和假阴性结果.

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abstracts:

Objective To assess the value of positron emission tomography (PET) with ~(11)C-choline(CH), ~(11)C-methionine ( MET),~(18)F-fluorothymidine ( FLT), and ~(11)C-acetate (AC) in diagnosis of pulmonary abnormalities and the features of pulmonary abnormalities in PET. Methods From June 2002 to June 2007, 100 patients with pulmonary nodules or masses confirmed by CT scans received PET with special tracers. Fifty-eight patients received CH-PET, 16 patients received MET-PET, 22 patients received FLT-PET, 4 patients received AC-PET. PET data was analyzed by visual method and semiquantitative method with standard uptake value (SUV). Diagnoses were compared with pathology and follow-up survey. Results For identification of pulmonary neoplasms with CH-PET, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 84. 2% (32/38), 57. 9% (11/19) and 75.4% (43/57). In cancer cases, SUV had no correlation with tumor size or age. For identification of pulmonary neoplasms with MET-PET, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 6/7, 6/9 and 75.0% (12/16). In cancer cases, SUV had not correlation with tumor size orage. For identification of pulmonary neoplasms with FLT-PET, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were 85.7% (12/14), 2/8 and 63.6% (14/22). In cancer cases, SUV had not correlation with tumor size or age. In AC-PET, only 1 case of pulmonary metastasis of kidney clear cell carcinoma showed acetate avid.Two squamous cell carcinoma and 1 adenocarcinoma didn't appear abnormal in AC-PET. Conclusion CH,MET, FLT, AC are valuable in diagnosing but also lead to false positive and false negative.

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