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周围动脉瘤外科治疗35例分析

Surgical treatment of peripheral arterial aneurysms: a report of 35 cases

摘要:

目的 探讨周围动脉瘤的外科手术和腔内治疗策略选择.方法 回顾性分析1998年7月至2007年12月接受外科治疗的35例周围动脉瘤患者的临床资料.其中男性28例,女性7例;年龄25~81岁,平均(56±14)岁.胭动脉瘤11例,股动脉瘤15例,颈动脉瘤4例,锁骨下动脉瘤5例,分别采用外科手术或腔内治疗.结果 外科手术24例,重建动脉23例,围手术期并发症发生率16.7%(4.24).腔内治疗11例,其中应用支架血管10例,无围手术期并发症.术后31例获得随访,4例失访;随访时间7个月~8年,平均41个月.外科重建血管移植物5年累计通畅率为61%,支架血管5年累计通畅率为48%.2例患者随访期间死于心脑血管疾病.1例发生脑梗死.结论 外科手术仍是周围动脉瘤的经典治疗方法,对于高危或瘤体解剖困难的患者,选择腔内治疗可能会减少手术创伤和并发症发生率,但远期效果有待提高.

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abstracts:

Objective To investigate the treatment strategies of peripheral arterial aneurysms. Methods Thirty-five cases were reviewed from July 1998 to December 2007, and 28 cases were male, 7 cases were female. Eleven cases were popliteal artery aneurysms, 15 cases were femoral artery aneurysms, 4 cases were extracranial carotid aneurysms and 5 cases were subclavian artery aneurysms. All cases had either open procedures or endovascualr procedures. Results Surgical open procedures were performed on 24 cases, and endovascular procedures were performed on 11 cases. The perioperational complication rate were 16. 7% (4/24) and 0% for open and endovascular groups respectively. The average follow-up time was 41 months(7 months to 8 years). The accumulative five year patency were 61% and 48% for surgical grafts and stentgrafts respectively. Two cases died of cadiovascular diseases and one had stroke during follow-up. Conclusions Surgical open repair is still standard procedure for most peripheral arterial aneurysms and endovascular repair may have its own advantage for high risk patients.

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