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胰腺中段切除术后胰瘘分析

The analysis of pancreatic fistula in middle segmental pancreatic resection

摘要:

目的 分析胰腺中段切除术对胰瘘发生的影响,并总结胰腺残端处理经验.方法 对2003年4月至2009年12月共40例行胰腺中段切除术的胰腺肿瘤患者资料进行回顾性分析,其中良性肿瘤36例(MSP组)、恶性肿瘤4例.并与同期行胰十二指肠切除术的44例(PD组)和行胰颈体尾切除术的26例(EDP组)患者进行疗效及胰瘘对照分析.结果 MSP组患者平均手术时间为222 min,明显短于PD组(P<0.05);术中平均出血量316 ml,明显少于其他两组(P<0.05).MSP组在术后营养状况、血糖控制方面均占优势(P<0.05).通过术后随访,MSP组患者的内外分泌功能保留更为良好,仅出现新发糖尿病1例,无需要补充胰酶病例,且无肿瘤复发.虽然MSP组胰瘘发生率最高(42%),但与PD组和EDP组相比,患者的总体住院时间并未延长;其胰瘘程度及胰瘘患者的住院时间与另两组的差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 对于胰腺中段的良性或低度恶性肿瘤,胰腺中段切除术是一种安全可行的手术方式.虽然双残端引起胰瘘发生率升高,但其显著的临床疗效降低了高胰瘘风险.合理的残端处理至关重要.

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abstracts:

Objective To analyze the influence of pancreatic fistula in middle segmental pancreatic resection and summarize the experience in dealing with the stump. Methods The data of 40 cases undergoing middle pancreatectomy were reviewed retrospectively to analyze the curative effect and pancreatic fistula between April 2003 and December 2009. Of these, 36 patients with benign cases outcomes were compared with 2 separate control groups, 44 pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) and 26 extended distal pancreatectomy (EDP). Results The mean operating time of group MSP was 222 min, which was significantly shorter than that of group PD. The mean blood loss of group MSP was 316 ml,which was less than that of others. Otherwise, the postoperative nutritional status and blood sugar control in group MSP was superior to the other 2 groups. Through long-term follow-up,the patients in group MSP retained endocrine and exocrine function better. Only 1 patient developed new-onset diabetes mellitus after operation, and no patient required enzyme substitution. No lesion recurred. The rate of pancreatic fistula was highest(42%) ,but didn't result in the significant deference of overall discharge time with group PD and EDP. The pancreatic fistula level and the mean postoperative time in hospital didn't differ significantly from the other 2 groups.Conclusions Middle segmental pancreatectomy is a safe and feasible technique that is indicated for selected patients with benign or low malignant lesion in the neck and body of the pancreas. Though the rate of pancreatic fistula is higher,the risk of which is reduced by the marked curative effect It is very important to deal with the stump reasonably.

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