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经口置入钉砧头技术用于全腔镜食管癌切除胸腔内胃食管吻合

Completely minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy: the preliminary experience of circular stapled anastomosis with the trans-oral anvil

摘要:

目的 介绍一种通过经口置入钉砧头进行全腔镜食管切除胸腔内胃食管吻合的新技术.方法 2010年4月至6月,6例食管癌患者经口置入钉砧头进行全腔镜食管切除胸腔内胃食管吻合术.患者男性5例,女性1例;年龄38~69岁,平均55岁.病变位于贲门1例,食管下段4例,食管中段1例.病变平均长度4 cm.6例患者均采用腹腔镜胸腔镜联合食管癌切除胃食管胸腔内吻合术.手术分为两大步骤,首先采用腹腔镜游离胃和腹段食管,而后采用胸腔镜游离胸段食管并切除病变食管,应用经口置入钉砧头的方法进行胸腔内胃食管吻合术.结果 本组6例患者手术顺利,未发生术中并发症、中转开腹或开胸等情况.平均手术时间380 min,平均术中出血量300 ml,平均恢复进食时间为术后9 d.术后病理学检查示:食管鳞状细胞癌5例,食管小细胞癌1例,切缘和吻合口圈均阴性.pTNM分期:T2N0M0期3例,T2N1M0期1例,T3N0M0期2例.术后无吻合口和其他重大并发症.结论 本方法创伤小、恢复快,是一种较为安全可靠、操作简便的腔镜下胸腔内胃食管吻合方法.

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abstracts:

Objective To present the preliminary results of minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy using a circular-stapled anastomosis with trans-oral anvil technique. Methods Six patients with esophageal cancer recieved minimally invasive Ivor Lewis oesophagectomy from April 2010 to June 2010. There were5 males and 1 female with mean age of 55 years (ranging 38 to 69 years). The lesion located in cardiac in 1 case, in lower third of the esophagus in 4 cases and in middle third in 1 case. The abdominal portion was operated laparoscopically. The thoracic portion was done using thoracoscopic techniques. The esophago-gastric anastomosis was created using a 25 mm anvil passed trans-orally and connected to a 90 cm long polyvinyl chloride delivery tube through an opening in the esophageal stump. The anastomosis was completed by joining the anvil to a circular stapler (end-to-end anastomosis stapler)inserted into the gastric conduit. Results Six patients with esophageal squamous cell cancer ( n = 5 ) and small-cell cancer (n = 1 ) underwent an Ivor Lewis esophagectomy. All the operation was successfully performed without intra-operative technical failures of the anastomosis. There was no severe postoperative complications. The mean operation time was 380 min. The mean blood loss was 300 ml. pTNM staging:T2N0M0 in 3 cases, T2N1M0 in 1 case and T3N0M0 in 2 cases. Conclusions The circular-stapled anastomosis with the trans-oral anvil is an efficient and safe technique for esophago-gastric anastomosis.

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