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同期联合根治性手术治疗肝肾泡型棘球蚴病10例临床分析

Simultaneous combined radical surgery for hepatic and renal alveolar echinococcosis: an analysis of 10 clinical cases

摘要:

目的:探讨同期联合根治性手术治疗肝肾泡型棘球蚴病(AE)的可行性、安全性和有效性。方法:回顾性分析2013年4月至2019年9月在新疆医科大学第一附属医院接受手术治疗的连续10例肝肾AE患者的临床资料,男性8例,女性2例,年龄(42.5±10.3)岁(范围:27~52岁)。7例曾行姑息性治疗但服药依从性差。10例均存在肝右叶和右肾的联合病灶,2例分别合并肝左外叶和左肾小病灶。病灶体积为(726.4±576.1)cm 3(范围:117.0~1 998.0 cm 3)。病灶侵犯右侧膈肌7例、下腔静脉7例、右肾上腺6例、腹壁2例、右侧腰大肌1例、十二指肠1例和右肺下叶2例。采用同期联合根治性手术和血管重建等方法治疗肝肾及邻近器官的AE病灶。半肝及以上肝切除8例,离体肝切除自体肝移植2例,肝部分切除1例;右肾全切除7例,右肾部分切除3例,左肾部分切除1例;清除肝肾外受侵组织器官的病灶,并进行相应修补或重建。 结果:手术均顺利完成。术后无肝肾功能不全。3例患者出现胸腔积液,经保守治疗后改善;1例出现右肾周围尿漏,置入双“J”管并保守治疗后改善。随访6~81个月,中位随访时间21个月,无死亡病例,无发生肝肾功能不全、急慢性肾病者。1例术后7个月时发生腹壁切口疝,接受腹腔镜疝修补术。随访中无复发,10例患者均获得临床治愈。结论:采用同期联合根治性手术治疗复发性或原发性肝肾AE安全可行,可同时有效清除其他邻近器官的病灶。

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abstracts:

Objective:To examine the feasibility, safety and efficacy of simultaneous combined radical surgery for hepatic and renal alveolar echinococcosis (AE).Methods:Clinical dates of consecutive 10 hepatic and renal AE patients who accepted surgical treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University during April 2013 to September 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 8 males and 2 females, aged (42.5±10.3) years (range: 27 to 52 years). Seven of them had previously palliative surgical treatment with poor compliance to post-operative medication. All of the patients had hepatic-renal combined AE lesions, and two of them had left lateral and left renal lesions for each, which sized for (726.4±576.1)cm 3 (range: 117.0 to 1 998.0 cm 3). Extra-hepatic or renal lesions infiltrated to right diaphragm, inferior vena cava, right adrenal gland, abdominal wall, right psoas muscle, duodenum wall and right pulmonary lobe (respectively were 7, 7, 6, 2, 1, 1, 2 cases). Surgery were performed mainly with simultaneous combined surgery and vascular reconstruction techniques for this series. Hemi-hepatectomy or extended right lobectomy was applied in 8 patients, while 2 other patients received ex vivo liver resection and autotransplantation, additionally, one patient had partial hepatectomy for left lateral lobular lesion. Total right nephrectomy, partial right nephrectomy and partial left nephrectomy were respectively performed on 7, 3 and 1 patient(s). Additionally, extra-hepatic or renal lesions were eradicated followed by relevant repairments or reconstructions. Results:Surgeries went well and there was no intra-or post-operative liver or renal dysfunction occurred. During recovery period, 3 cases experienced with hydrothorax and managed well after drainage and supportive treatment, and one patient developed peri-renal urinary leakage and cured by "J" catheter. The subjects were followed-up for 6 to 81 months (median: 21 months), no death, organ dysfunction, chronic or acute kidney diseases occurred. One case encountered with abdominal hernia at post-operative 7 th month and was successfully managed with laparoscopic repair with artificial mesh. No disease recurrence in all patients, which reached clinical cure at last. Conclusion:When complied strictly to indications, simultaneous combined radical surgery could be a feasible, safe and efficient approach for patients with hepatic and renal AE, which is primary or relapsed from previous hepatic AE surgery or interventional therapies as well as neighboring organ AE invasions.

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作者: 喀斯木·艾海提 阿卜杜萨拉木·艾尼 艾斯卡·艾尼娃 冉博 蒋铁民 张瑞青 邵英梅 温浩 吐尔干艾力·阿吉
期刊: 《中华外科杂志》2021年59卷1期 59-65页 MEDLINEISTICPKUCSCD
栏目名称: 论著
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112139-20200408-00288
发布时间: 2021-01-11
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