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Biodiversity and Resilience of Ecosystem Functions.

摘要:

Accelerating rates of environmental change and the continued loss of global biodiversity threaten functions and services delivered by ecosystems. Much ecosystem monitoring and management is focused on the provision of ecosystem functions and services under current environmental conditions, yet this could lead to inappropriate management guidance and undervaluation of the importance of biodiversity. The maintenance of ecosystem functions and services under substantial predicted future environmental change (i.e., their 'resilience') is crucial. Here we identify a range of mechanisms underpinning the resilience of ecosystem functions across three ecological scales. Although potentially less important in the short term, biodiversity, encompassing variation from within species to across landscapes, may be crucial for the longer-term resilience of ecosystem functions and the services that they underpin.

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作者单位: School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AH, UK; NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford, UK. Electronic address: t.oliver@reading.ac.uk. [1] NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford, UK. [2] Joint Nature Conservation Committee, UK. [3] University of Southampton, Southampton, UK. [4] University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. [5] Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK. [6] Imperial College London, London, UK. [7] Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. [8] Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. [9] University of York, York, UK. [10] Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA. [11] University College London, London, UK. [12] Social-Ecological Systems Laboratory, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain; Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University, Oxford, UK. [13]
期刊:
《Trends in ecology & evolution》 2015年30卷11期673-684页
DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2015.08.009
PMID: 26437633
发布时间: 2018-02-27
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