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Characteristics of fundus autofluorescence in cystoid macular edema

摘要:

Background Fundus autofluorescence (FAF) imaging is a fast and noninvasive technique developed over the last decade.The authors utilized fluorescent properties of lipofuscin to study the health and viability of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)-photoreceptor complex.Observing the intensity and distribution of FAF of various retinal diseases is helpful for ascertaining diagnosis and evaluating prognosis.In this study,we described the FAF characteristics of cystoid macular edema (CME).Methods Sixty-two patients (70 eyes) with CME were subjected to FAF and fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA) by a confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope (Heidelberg Retina Angiograph 2 (HRA2)).Characteristics of FAF images were compared with FFA images.Results FAF intensity in normal subjects was highest at the posterior pole and dipped at the fovea.All cases of CME showed fluorescein dye accumulated into honeycomb-like spaces in macular and formated a typical petaloid pattern or atypical petaloid pattern in the late phases of the angiography.Sixty-one eyes with CME on FAF images showed mild or moderate hyperautofluorescence petaloid pattern in fovea,the FAF patterns of these CME was perfectly corresponding with shape in their FFA images;nine eyes with CME secondary to exudative age related macular degeneration (AMD) showed expansion of the hypoautofluorescence without petaloid pattern in macula.Conclusion FAF imaging can be used as a new rapid,non-invasive and ancillary technique in the diagnosis of the majority of CME,except for AMD and small part of other fundus diseases.

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